Our newly published storybook that hopes to teach the reader about how to protect oneself from the coronavirus, simple hygiene concerns, how to face and handle the stress, and how to triumph over such difficulties with each other's help and love from our families.
Philippine Journal of Child Sexual Abuse – Volume 1, 2011
The Innovative Potential of Clay and Play
(Clay Therapy, Resilience and Trauma Symptoms of Sexually Abused Girls)
by Rebecca V. Lanes and Johnny B. Decatoria
The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to determine the effects of clay therapy as treatment modality and to examine the role of resilience on the trauma symptoms, as measured by Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (Briere, 1996) of 24 sexually abused girls, ages 11 to 17 years old, from three rehabilitation centers in Negros Occidental.
A nine-session, five-week module on clay therapy, with a trauma-focused cognitive behavioral approach, and resilience, as measured by the Resiliency Scales for Children and Adolescents or RSCA (Prince-Embury, 2007), were the two independent variables. Trauma symptoms consisting of anxiety, depression, anger, post traumatic stress, dissociation and social concerns were the dependent variables.
Participants were randomly assigned to the experimental or control group. The former was given clay therapy, while the latter a placebo activity. For each of the treatment groups, a resilient group and less resilient group were also determined based on the RSCA scores. The study followed a 2×2 fully-crossed factorial design.
It was found that among the six symptoms, sexual concerns were consistently clinically significant and therefore, required more attention in treatment.
T-test results showed that the resilient group was significantly affected by their sexual abuse experience, having higher levels of depression, anger, and dissociation at the start. But they showed better capacity than the less resilient group to effectively interact and respond more positively to treatment.
A two-way ANOVA revealed no significant interaction between the effects of clay therapy and resilience on trauma symptoms.
T-tests showed that the nine-session, five-week clay therapy intervention was not long enough to produce any significant difference in the participants’ trauma symptoms. More time seemed needed for this intervention to show statistically significant effects.
However, from their qualitative evaluation of the intervention, clay therapy, obviously, had very positive effects to the participants and showed promise as a powerful and innovative treatment tool for working with sexually abused children.
Traumagenic Dynamics Framework with Filipino Clients
by Regina Rabanillo
The traumagenic dynamics framwork of Finkelhor and Browne (1986) has been developed based in western experience. This article presents Filipino examples using the framework, validating its use for assessment here. This research is based in randomly chosen 25 case studies of girls who were aged 11 to 18 at the time of intake. Seventeen of the girls were victims of incest that ranged from molestation to rape. Two of the girls were offended by more than one family member. Two of the girls got pregnant by the stepfather and gave birth; another girl got pregnant by the father but after she lost the baby she suspected that her father made her drink abortive pills. Eight of the 25 girls were raped by non-family members, five of them were raped by two or more offenders. The duration of abuse ranged from a single incident of sexual assault to nine years of ongoing abuse.
Of the 25 cases, the highest of the traumagenic dynamics assessed were stigmatization, followed by betrayal, powerlessness and traumatic sexualization.